Axis war crimes in Italy. Under the Hague Convention on Land Warfare ,  it was legal to execute spies and saboteurs disguised in civilian clothes or enemy uniforms, but not those captured in uniforms of their own army. In his defense, he maintained that he had not issued the order, but had only passed along an order to Colonel Almers from supreme command, and that the execution of the OSS men was a lawful reprisal. The immediate, superior command was that of the 75th Army Corps, commanded by Dostler. Two last attempts were made by Colonel Almers to stop the execution, including some by telephone, as he knew that executing uniformed prisoners of war was in violation of the Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War.
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Army and carried no civilian clothes. Retrieved from ” https: Later that day, Dostler sent a telegram to the th Fortress Brigade ordering that the captured soldiers be executed.
Dostler, Anton, born on in Munich, entered the Army Service onat the age of 25, in the 6 th Bayerischen Infanterieregiment. Almers from supreme command, and that the execution of the OSS men was a lawful dostlre. Operations Ginny I and II.
After the war Dostler was tried in the first trial after the war and found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death by firing squad.
In the course of the investigation one of the officers on the America party revealed the story of the mission. According to Dostler’s adjutant, Kesselring responded by ordering the execution.
General Otto Blumm died age 57 dosstler in Ursberg. In the first Allied war trial, he was accused of carrying out geneeal illegal order. Colonel Almers at the th Fortress Brigade was uneasy with the execution order, and approached Dostler again to delay the execution command. Dostler then sent another telegram ordering Almers to carry out the execution. No matching locations Show all locations. The Military Commission also rejected his plea for clemency, declaring that the mass execution of the commando party was in violation of Article 2 of the Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War, which prohibited acts of reprisals against prisoners of war.
Italian Jews Libyan Jews Italian military internees. The Hague, 18 October “. University Press of America. Alexander zu Dohna-Schlobittena member of Dostler’s dostelr who, unaware of the existence of Hitler’s ‘Commando Order’ had refused to sign the execution order for the American commandos, and was dismissed from the Wehrmacht for insubordination. After a five day trial he was found guilty of a war crime sostler sentenced to death.
International Review of the Red Cross. In his defense, he maintained that he had not issued the order, but had only passed along an order to Colonel Almers from supreme command, and that the execution of the OSS men was a lawful reprisal.
Armeekorps 22 June — July Retrieved July 15, These efforts were unsuccessful and the fifteen Americans were executed on the morning of March 26,at Punta Bianca south of La Spezia, in the municipality of Ameglia. Dostler was taken a prisoner of war by the United States Armyand after it discovered the fate of the commando raiding team, he was put on trial for war crimes by it on 8 May Their objective was to demolish a tunnel at Framura on the important railroad line between La Spezia and Genoa.
German officers at the th Fortress Brigade contacted Dostler in an attempt to achieve a delay of their execution. Two days later, the group was captured by a party of Italian Fascist soldiers and members of the German Heer. Get directions from Go Geo locate me.
Anton Dostler – Wikipédia
Dostler became a prisoner of the Americans on 8 May and was put before a military tribunal at the seat of the Supreme Allied Commander, the Royal Dosfler in Caserta, on 8 October Axis war crimes in Italy.